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Qualifications and Training

Italy - Qualifications and Training


As is the case in most job markets around the world, competition is fierce and preference is often given to Italy's own citizens. There are employment opportunities for expats in Italy however, and these opportunities are likely to increase in the future. The higher your level of specialization, the higher your likelihood of finding a job in Italy, as highly skilled roles often suffer a labour crunch and employers often look for overseas talent. Skilled professionals and labourers with expertise in a niche are therefore likely to have an upper hand over their competitors. Expats from any EU country can approach the European Employment Service (EURES) which can provide regular and up-to-date information on job vacancies.

The best opportunities for skilled professionals who are not native to Italy are to be found in rapidly growing sectors like bio technology and renewable energy and also in sectors like tourism and hospitality. The healthcare sector is constantly growing and medical professionals like nurses will have little problem finding employment. This also holds true for certain specializations in the construction industry. Civil and electronic engineers with relevant experience have little or no trouble finding jobs. IT professionals and project management professionals are more likely to find jobs in Northern Italy due to the high number of globally active companies. Some companies offer higher salaries but only hire people on temporary employment contracts. Temporary work is most common in the industrial, computer and secretarial fields. A temporary contract lacks the job stability, higher level of training, skill acquisition and several other advantages of a permanent position and so it is important to take into account the type of contract being offered before making a decision.

There is a significant economic and industrial gap between the North and South in Italy. The North is often considered to be the industrial engine of the country’s economy. The main sectors offering jobs in the north are the footwear, clothing and textile industries as well as the engineering sector. The jobs in the north generally pay better and require skilled workers. The South relies quite heavily on tourism and agriculture along with small enterprises. Most of the job opportunities in the south are for low and middle-skilled jobs but these pay significantly less than high-skilled jobs. Furthermore, the high unemployment rates in the South have resulted in medium-skilled workers taking low-skilled positions causing further over-qualification of the labour force.

It is important to find out if your qualifications are recognised and your profession regulated before you move to Italy. In many cases, an employer will accept your qualifications but that does not necessarily mean that all employers accept the same qualifications. In some cases, there is no straightforward transfer for certain qualifications. Those who are still in their home country can visit their local Italian Consulate. There is quite a bit of paperwork required about the course that you have completed along with your marks. You might be required to have all your information translated from English to Italian. The entire procedure along with the processing time generally takes approximately 3-5 weeks. If you are residing in Italy and wish to request recognition for an academic qualification awarded abroad, you will need to fill out and submit an application form along with a fixed fee at the university of your choice. A commission by the university will review your application and determine if your qualifications should receive total recognition or partial recognition. If your qualifications receive partial recognition ("equipollenza" - equivalence), you will need to enrol for a shortened course("abbreviazione di corso") equivalent to your qualifications. You will then need to attend a few classes and pass the related exams. If your qualifications receive total recognition ("equipollenza"– equivalence), you will not need to sit for any exams. The only document you will need to obtain is a degree certificate ("pergamena di laurea") from the student registry office of your university. As Italian academic authorities work within the framework of their university autonomy, different institutions may have a different evaluation of the same qualification. It is generally quite easy to transfer qualifications within the EU. While some courses may require you to sit for an entry test, there is no Italian language test needed in order to get your qualifications recognized.


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